The Goldwater Institute is representing the city of Tombstone in a legal fight against the U.S. Forest Service. The water supply that serves this Arizona town of 1,600 residents was ravaged in a 2011 fire. Now, citing the Wilderness Act, the Forest Service is refusing to let Tombstone adequately repair its waterlines to springs it has owned for nearly 70 years—and which date back to the 1990s. This refusal is threatening residents, private property and public safety with the risk of a total loss of fire protection because the water is needed to fill reserves for fire suppression. If successful, the Goldwater Institute’s case would establish the principle that the 10th Amendment protects states and their subdivisions from federal regulations that prevent them from employing their property to fulfill essential functions of protecting public health and safety.