Frequently Searched

Defending Lawyers’ First Amendment Rights

Boudreaux v. Louisiana State Bar Association

Case Status

Date Filed

August 1, 2019

Last Step

Victory! Fifth Circuit allows case to proceed.

Next Step


Case Overview

In 30 states, attorneys are required to join and pay dues to a bar association to be allowed to practice law. All too often, those bar associations don’t just use members’ dues to make sure lawyers are qualified and behave ethically; they also use members’ money for political and ideological advocacy.

In Louisiana, for example, the state’s mandatory bar association has used members’ dues to advocate for removal of “free enterprise” education from the state’s high school curriculum requirements. It’s also taken positions on a wide variety of other controversial issues ranging from the death penalty to drug policy to social issues.

That violates lawyers’ First Amendment right to freedom of association and their right to choose what political speech they will and won’t support with their money. And it’s totally unnecessary. In 20 states, attorneys aren’t forced to pay dues to a bar association that can use their money for political and ideological speech—but the state still regulates attorneys, and attorneys still pay for the cost of that regulation. If those states can regulate the practice of law without forcing attorneys to surrender their First Amendment rights, then so can the others.

In Boudreaux v. Louisiana State Bar Association, the Goldwater Institute is representing New Orleans attorney Randy Boudreaux in a lawsuit asking the federal courts to declare that mandatory bar association membership and fees violate the First and Fourteenth Amendments of the U.S. Constitution.

This case follows three other Goldwater Institute lawsuits currently challenging mandatory membership and dues:

  • Fleck v. Wetch, challenging North Dakota’s mandatory bar, which the U.S. Supreme Court has ordered the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit to reconsider in light of the Supreme Court’s decision ending mandatory public-sector union fees in Janus v. AFSCME; and
  • Crowe v. Oregon State Bar, challenging Oregon’s mandatory bar.
  • Schell v. Gurich, challenging Oklahoma’s mandatory bar.

Case Logistics

The plaintiff in this case is Randy Boudreaux, a New Orleans attorney who has been forced to join and pay dues to the Louisiana State Bar Association. The defendants are the Louisiana State Bar Association and the Louisiana Supreme Court and its justices, sued in their official capacities.

The case was filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana on August 1, 2019.

Mr. Boudreaux seeks an order declaring mandatory bar membership and dues unconstitutional or, at a minimum, an order declaring that Louisiana does not provide sufficient safeguards to ensure that attorneys’ mandatory dues aren’t used for political and ideological speech that isn’t germane to improving the quality of legal services and regulating the legal profession, as Supreme Court precedent requires.

Donate Now

Help all Americans live freer, happier lives. Join the Goldwater Institute as we defend and strengthen freedom in all 50 states.

Donate Now

Since 1988, the Goldwater Institute has been in the liberty business — defending and promoting freedom, and achieving more than 400 victories in all 50 states. Donate today to help support our mission.

We Protect Your Rights

Our attorneys defend individual rights and protect those who cannot protect themselves.

Need Help? Submit a case.

Get Connected to Goldwater

Sign up for the latest news, event updates, and more.